Chihuahua is the smallest dog in the world. It was named after the Mexican state of Chihuahua. Previously, these dogs lived in the wild, in the modern world – they are companions
There are also some pretty amazing facts behind this breed as well, and here are 15 facts about Chihuahuas that will fascinate you!
1An early ancestor of the Chihuahua was the Techichi, whose origins are known to go back as far as ninth-century Mexico.
Remains of ancient Aztec Techichi dogs were discovered in Casas Grandes in the Mexican state of Chihuahua in the mid-19th century.
As the modern version of these dogs grew in popularity with American tourists who brought them home to the United States, the breed eventually was given the name “Chihuahua,” after the region where it originated.
4Techichi dogs were a normal part of Mayan culture, although they were used mostly as a food source and hunting companion, rather than a pet.
When the Toltecs conquered the Maya, they integrated the dogs into their own lifestyle but began to keep them as pets. By the time Aztec culture dominated pre-Hispanic Mesoamerica, the Chihuahua’s ancestors were revered as mystically powerful.
Although the smallest dog in recorded history was a Yorkshire Terrier, the smallest dog breed overall is the Chihuahua.
The world’s current smallest living dog is a Chihuahua named Miracle Millie, who claimed the Guinness World Record when, on February 21, 2013, she was measured to be an itty-bitty 3.8 inches tall.
Life expectancies vary widely among different dog breeds. The breed does not tend to suffer from many serious health problems, and a healthy Chihuahua can live for up to 20 years.
The American Kennel Club lists more than 40 different colors and markings in which Chihuahuas can be found, including black, black-and-tan, white, cream, chocolate, and red — to name just a few.
The breed also is officially divided into the two basic groupings of smooth-coat (i.e., short hair) and long-coat. Some believe the long-coat variety comes from interbreeding with Yorkies.
The American Kennel Club first recognized the Chihuahua in 1904, just 20 years after the organization was established. That makes the Chihuahua one of the AKC’s earliest registered breeds. The AKC categorizes Chihuahuas in the toy group.
Despite the breed’s long history, it has never won Best in Show at the AKC-sanctioned Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show.
13In September 2011, Coco the Chihuahua gave birth to a whopping 10 Chihuahua puppies at once. It is believed to be the largest litter of Chihuahua puppies ever delivered. The smallest of Coco’s puppies weighed a teeny-tiny 70 grams (2.5 ounces).
Marilyn Monroe owned lots of pets, including a cat, a bird, a horse, and several dogs, one of which was a Chihuahua she obtained in 1948 to celebrate signing her breakthrough six-movie contract with Columbia Pictures. Monroe named the Chihuahua Josepha, but the dog was more popularly known to Monroe, her fans, and the press by a nickname: “Choo Choo.”
Some people (wrongly) believe that Chihuahuas can cure asthma. No doctor who is not a complete quack would disagree, but it is a popular urban legend, especially in parts of the American South, that Chihuahuas can “cure” a person from asthma, curing a person’s respiratory disease.